Uterine Artery Embolization: A Minimally Invasive Treatment for Fibroids

Feb 23, 2024 Uncategorized
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Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat fibroids, which are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. This procedure is an alternative to surgical options like hysterectomy and myomectomy, offering many benefits for women seeking relief from fibroid symptoms.

Understanding Fibroids

Before delving into UAE, it’s crucial to understand what fibroids are and how they can affect women’s health. Fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, are growths that develop in the wall of the uterus. They are typically benign, but they can cause a range of symptoms, including:

Heavy menstrual bleeding

Pelvic pain and pressure

Frequent urination

Constipation

Backache or leg pains

Infertility or recurrent miscarriages

The Role of UAE

Uterine artery embolization works by cutting off the blood supply to the fibroids, causing them to shrink over time. During the procedure, a radiologist inserts a thin, flexible tube called a catheter into the artery that supplies blood to the fibroids. Using real-time imaging, the radiologist guides the catheter to the uterine arteries and injects tiny particles, such as polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or tris-acryl gelatin microspheres, into the arteries. These particles block the blood flow to the fibroids, leading to their shrinkage and symptom relief.

Benefits of UAE

Uterine artery embolization offers several advantages over traditional surgical treatments for fibroids, including:

Minimally Invasive: UAE is performed through a small incision in the groin area, reducing the risk of complications and the need for a lengthy hospital stay.

Preservation of the Uterus: Unlike hysterectomy, which involves removing the entire uterus, UAE allows women to retain their uterus, which may be important for future fertility or personal reasons.

Quick Recovery: Most women can return to normal activities within a week of undergoing UAE, compared to several weeks of recovery time required for surgery.

Effective Symptom Relief: Studies have shown that UAE is highly effective in reducing fibroid-related symptoms, with many women experiencing significant improvement in their quality of life.

Risks and Considerations

While UAE is generally safe, it does carry some risks, including:

Post-Embolization Syndrome: This includes symptoms such as fever, pain, and nausea, which usually resolve within a few days.

Possible Need for Repeat Procedures: In some cases, fibroids may regrow, requiring additional embolization procedures.

Impact on Fertility: While UAE does not always lead to infertility, it may reduce fertility in some women, so it’s essential to discuss fertility concerns with your healthcare provider before undergoing the procedure.

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Conclusion

Uterine artery embolization is a safe and effective treatment option for women with symptomatic fibroids who wish to avoid surgery. It offers many benefits, including a quick recovery time, preservation of the uterus, and significant symptom relief. However, like any medical procedure, it’s essential to discuss the risks and benefits with your healthcare provider to determine if UAE is the right choice for you.https://cvicvascular.com/

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You can be confident that with Dr. Nikunj Jain your well-being is in the capable hands of a highly-skilled Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgeon. Dr. Nikunj Jain strives to treat his patients with an honest, straightforward, and caring nature in a safe and comfortable environment.

Dr. Nikunj Jain has been awarded Dr. B. Ramamurthi National Gold Medal by National Board of Examination.

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