1. IMAGE GUIDED BIOPSIES/ FNAC- These involve obtaining samples from deep seated renal tumours/ lesions for histopathological diagnosis. It is done under day care procedures not requiring admission performed under Ultrasonography Or CT imaging guidance under local anaesthesia with the patient going home in a few hours.

2. PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROSTOMY (PCN) AND RENAL ABCESS ASPIRATION– Percutaneous nephrostomy is a technique in which percutaneous access to the kidney is achieved under radiological guidance. The access is then often maintained with the use of an indwelling catheter. This is often used for decompressing the renal collecting system.

3. RENAL ARTERY ANGIOPLASTY AND STENTING– Renal artery stenosis is a potentially treatable cause for refractory/ malignant hypertension. Endovascular renal artery angioplasty with or without stenting is a minimally invasive technique done to alleviate significant narrowing in the arteries supplying kidneys and thus facilitate better blood flow to kidney and treating malignant hypertension.

4. UTERINE ARTERY EMBOLIZATION– This procedure has revolutionised the treatment of uterine fibroids which is a most common gynaecological problem in young women. The conventional treatment offered by gynaecologists involve hysterectomy or myomectomy, however this embolization technique helps the patient retain her uterus. It is an endovascular procedure requiring a very short(24-48hr) stay in the hospital where the feeding arteries of the fibroid are closed by embolic material. These fibroids later shrink over time. In addition uterine artery embolization is performed in the treatment of life threatening post delivery haemorrhage or other causes of uterine bleeding like arteriovenous malformations, retained vascularised products of conception to name a few.

5. EMBOLIZATION IN EMERGENCY BLEEDING (RENAL BLEED)– Endovascular embolization procedures can be performed for arresting bleeding from renal arteries in the setting of post PCNL bleed,renal trauma,renal AVM and post biopsy AV fistula formation.These are life saving procedures which involve achieving access to the bleeding vessel through catheters from a small puncture in the groin or wrist artery and embolising or closing these arteries with a wide range of embolic material like coils, gelfoam or particles  to arrest the bleeding .