1. PERMACATH INSERTION– A Permacath insertion is the placement of a special IV line into the blood vessel in your neck or upper chest just under the collarbone. This type of catheter is used for short-term dialysis treatment. The catheter is then threaded into the right side of your heart (right atrium). The procedure involves creating a tunnel under the skin to thread the other portion of the catheter out through the skin. This tunnelling process greatly reduces the risk of an infection and allows the catheter to remain in for a long period of time (one-12 months). It is day care procedure done under local anaesthesia.