Breast Fibroadenoma Symptoms ,Treatment & Removal

Jul 2, 2023 Blogs
Breast Fibroadenoma Symptoms ,Treatment & Removal

Breast Fibroadenoma Symptoms ,Treatment & Removal

What is a fibroadenoma?

A fibroadenoma is a common non-cancerous (benign) breast condition characterized by the presence of a tumor or lump in the breast tissue. It is the most common type of benign breast tumor, primarily affecting women of reproductive age, although it can occur at any age.

Fibroadenomas are composed of both glandular and connective tissue. They develop when the glandular tissue and the surrounding stromal tissue overgrow, forming a lump or mass in the breast. These tumors are usually solitary, but in some cases, multiple fibroadenomas may be present.

The exact cause of fibroadenomas is not fully understood. However, hormonal factors play a significant role in their development. Hormonal changes, especially during puberty, pregnancy, and the menstrual cycle, are believed to influence the growth of fibroadenomas. These tumors are more common in women with higher levels of estrogen or in those who are sensitive to estrogen.

Symptoms of fibroadenomas may vary, but the most common sign is the presence of a palpable lump in the breast. These lumps are usually smooth, well-defined, and rubbery in texture. They can vary in size, ranging from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter. Fibroadenomas are often mobile and can be easily moved under the skin.

In most cases, fibroadenomas do not cause pain. However, some women may experience tenderness or mild discomfort in the affected breast, particularly before their menstrual period. It is important to note that fibroadenomas are not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. However, having fibroadenomas may slightly increase the risk of developing breast cancer later in life.

What are the types of fibroadenomas?

There are different types of fibroadenomas, classified based on their specific characteristics. The two main types of fibroadenomas are simple fibroadenomas and complex fibroadenomas.
Breast Fibroadenoma Symptoms ,Treatment & Removal

Simple Fibroadenomas:

Simple fibroadenomas are the most common type of fibroadenoma. They are characterized by a well-defined, smooth, and rubbery lump in the breast. These fibroadenomas consist of a combination of glandular and fibrous tissue and have a distinct border separating them from the surrounding breast tissue. Simple fibroadenomas are usually small in size, ranging from a few millimeters to a few centimeters in diameter. They are mobile, meaning they can be easily moved under the skin. Simple fibroadenomas are typically not associated with any other significant changes in the breast tissue.

Complex Fibroadenomas:

Complex fibroadenomas have additional features or characteristics that distinguish them from simple fibroadenomas. These features may include the presence of cysts (fluid-filled sacs), calcifications (small deposits of calcium), or an increased number of glandular structures. Complex fibroadenomas may have a slightly higher risk of developing into breast cancer compared to simple fibroadenomas, although the overall risk is still very low.

There are subtypes of complex fibroadenomas, including:

a. Juvenile Fibroadenoma: This type of fibroadenoma occurs in adolescents and young women. Juvenile fibroadenomas are often larger and grow more rapidly compared to fibroadenomas in older women. They tend to regress or decrease in size over time.

b. Giant Fibroadenoma: Giant fibroadenomas are larger fibroadenomas, typically measuring more than 5 cm in diameter. They can cause significant breast asymmetry and may require surgical removal due to their size and associated discomfort.

c. Phyllodes Tumor: Phyllodes tumors are rare fibroepithelial tumors that have some similarities to fibroadenomas. They can be classified as benign (phyllodes adenoma) or borderline/malignant (phyllodes sarcoma) based on their cellular characteristics and growth patterns. Phyllodes tumors may require surgical removal and close monitoring due to their potential for local recurrence or metastasis.

It’s important to note that regardless of the type, fibroadenomas are generally benign and not considered precancerous. However, regular breast examinations and monitoring are still recommended to ensure any changes or new symptoms are promptly addressed by a healthcare professional.

If you suspect or have been diagnosed with a fibroadenoma, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare provider who can provide an accurate diagnosis, determine the type of fibroadenoma, and recommend appropriate management options.

What are the symptoms of fibroadenomas?

Fibroadenomas, the common benign breast tumors, often do not cause any noticeable symptoms. In many cases, they are discovered incidentally during a routine breast examination or through breast imaging tests. However, some women may experience certain symptoms associated with fibroadenomas. Here are the potential symptoms:

Palpable lump: The primary symptom of fibroadenomas is the presence of a lump in the breast. These lumps are usually smooth, well-defined, and rubbery in texture. They can vary in size, ranging from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter. Fibroadenomas are often mobile, meaning they can be easily moved under the skin.

Breast discomfort: While fibroadenomas are typically painless, some women may experience mild tenderness or discomfort in the breast, especially before their menstrual period. This discomfort is usually not severe and tends to subside over time.

Changes in breast size or shape: In some cases, larger fibroadenomas or multiple fibroadenomas in the breast can lead to changes in breast size or shape. These changes may cause breast asymmetry or a feeling of fullness in the affected breast.

It is important to note that the presence of these symptoms does not automatically indicate fibroadenoma. Various other breast conditions, including cysts, infections, or even breast cancer, can cause similar symptoms. Therefore, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and evaluation if you experience any of these symptoms.

If you detect a lump or notice any changes in your breast, it is recommended to undergo a clinical breast examination and potentially imaging tests such as mammography, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the characteristics of the lump and rule out other potential causes. A biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and differentiate fibroadenoma from other breast conditions.

Remember, early detection and accurate diagnosis are key to effective management and peace of mind. Therefore, if you have any concerns or notice any changes in your breasts, consult with a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and guidance.

How is a fibroadenoma diagnosed?

The diagnosis of a fibroadenoma typically involves a combination of clinical evaluation, imaging tests, and, in some cases, a biopsy. Here is an overview of the diagnostic process for fibroadenomas:

What are the symptoms of fibroadenomas?A healthcare professional, such as a gynecologist or a breast specialist, will perform a clinical breast examination. During this examination, the healthcare provider will carefully palpate (feel) the breasts to detect any lumps or abnormalities. They will assess the size, shape, texture, and mobility of the lump and check for any other changes in the breast tissue.

Imaging Tests:
a. Mammography: Mammography is an X-ray imaging technique specifically designed for breast examination. It can help identify and evaluate breast abnormalities, including fibroadenomas. Mammograms can provide detailed images of the breast tissue and help determine the size, location, and characteristics of the lump.

b. Ultrasound: Ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of the breast tissue. It can help differentiate between solid masses (such as fibroadenomas) and fluid-filled cysts. Ultrasound can provide additional information about the size, shape, and composition of the fibroadenoma.

c. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): In some cases, an MRI may be recommended to obtain more detailed images of the breast tissue. MRI can be particularly useful when there is uncertainty or complexity in the diagnosis.
Breast Fibroadenoma Symptoms ,Treatment & Removal


In certain situations, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis of a fibroadenoma and rule out any other potential abnormalities. A biopsy involves taking a small sample of the breast tissue from the lump and examining it under a microscope. There are different types of biopsies, including:
a. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB): A thin needle is used to extract cells or fluid from the lump.
b. Core needle biopsy: A larger needle is used to remove a small tissue sample from the lump.
c. Surgical biopsy: If other methods are inconclusive or if the healthcare provider suspects the possibility of a different breast condition, a surgical biopsy may be recommended. This involves removing the entire lump or a portion of it for further examination.

Brain Aneurysm | Signs | Complications | and Treatment Approaches
Breast Fibroadenoma Symptoms ,Treatment & Removal

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *